In Vitro Digestibility, Biological Activity, and Physicochemical Characterization of Proteins Extracted from Conventionally and Organically Cultivated Hempseed ( Cannabis sativa L.)


doi: 10.3390/molecules28030915.

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Mohammadreza Khalesi et al.


Molecules.


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Abstract

The proteins from two conventionally (CC1 and CC2) and one organically cultivated (OC) hempseed samples were extracted (by alkaline solubilization followed by isoelectric precipitation) and compared in terms of their physicochemical, digestibility and in vitro bioactivity properties. The OC hempseed had higher total protein and lower nonprotein nitrogen content. Protein extracts showed bimodal particle size distributions, with OC showing the smallest and CC1 the largest mean particle diameter (d(0.5)), i.e., 89.0 and 120.0 µm, respectively. Chromatographic analysis showed similar protein profiles for all three protein extracts. The protein extracts were subjected to in vitro simulated gastrointestinal digestion (SGID). Degree of hydrolysis (DH) measurement showed that the highest extent of digestion upon SGID was associated with CC1 (11.0 ± 1.5%), which also had the lowest in vitro antioxidant activity. Only the OC and OC digested samples had lipase inhibitory activity. The results indicate that the cultivation method impacted the composition, physicochemical, digestibility, and biofunctional properties of hempseed proteins.


Keywords:

antioxidant activity; digestibility; hempseed protein; lipase inhibitory activity; organic cultivation.

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