A Video Segmentation Pipeline for Assessing changes in Pupil Response to Light After Cannabis Consumption

Due to long-standing federal restrictions on cannabis-related research, the implications of cannabis legalization on traffic and occupational safety are understudied. Accordingly, there is a need for objective and validated measures of acute cannabis impairment that may be applied in public safety and occupational settings. Pupillary response to light may offer an avenue for detection that outperforms typical sobriety tests and THC concentrations. We developed a video processing and analysis pipeline that extracts pupil sizes during a light stimulus test administered with goggles utilizing infrared videography. The analysis compared pupil size trajectories in response to a light for those with occasional, daily, and no cannabis use before and after smoking. Pupils were segmented using a combination of image pre-processing techniques and segmentation algorithms which were validated using manually segmented data and found to achieve 99% precision and 94% F-score. Features extracted from the pupil size trajectories captured pupil constriction and rebound dilation and were analyzed using generalized estimating equations. We find that acute cannabis use results in less pupil constriction and slower pupil rebound dilation in the light stimulus test.

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