What Do the Ratios Mean on Cannabinoid Products? New England Harvest

If you’ve visited a cannabis dispensary, you’ve likely noticed ratios on many products. These numbers are important but can be confusing when you’re new to the scene. Luckily, they aren’t challenging to understand.


Ratios on cannabis products indicate the amount of certain cannabinoids versus others. Often, these will be THC:CBD ratios, but they can represent any number of active cannabinoids in the product. You might see other ratios like CBG:THC, CBG:THC:CBD or THC:THCV. When looking at the ratio, you’ll notice a list of cannabinoids under the numbers; this list tells you which compounds the ratio represents.

For example, a CBD to THC ratio of 1:1 means there is just as much CBD in the product as there is THC. On the other hand, a ratio of 2:1 means there is twice as much CBD as there is THC. Ratios are not a one-size-fits-all solution for choosing the best product. The best ratio for pain or anxiety management can differ from person to person; everyone has different needs, pain thresholds, and tolerances.

What are cannabinoids?

The phrase “cannabinoids” refers to any compound that interacts with the cannabinoid receptors in your body. There are over 100 cannabinoids, including the two most popular, THC and CBD. Effects vary between these compounds, so it’s essential to understand what the most common cannabinoids do.

What is CBG?

Cannabigerol (CBG) strengthens the function of the naturally occuring anandamide in our bodies. Anandamide affects appetite regulation, pain relief, sleep, pleasure and motivation. CBG has no psychotropic effects, and its acidic form, CBGA, turns into other cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, as the plant matures.

Some studies suggest CBG may be an effective treatment for IBD, glaucoma, and colorectal cancer. Still, human studies are limited, so it shouldn’t be used as a replacement for visiting a healthcare professional.

What is THC?

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a cannabinoid that most are familiar with. This compound is primarily responsible for the psychotropic effects of cannabis. It causes brain cells to release dopamine, a neurotransmitter that plays a role in reward and motivation, sleep, and your body’s fight-or-flight response.

In smaller doses, THC may improve memory function. However, at higher doses, it may impair cognition and memory function. Nonetheless, it has a wide range of medicinal applications, including pain relief, improved sleep and appetite, muscle spasm reduction, and reduced feelings of nausea.

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive compound in cannabis, primarily used to relieve anxiety. Studies have shown it may be effective at treating certain epileptic seizures, reducing PTSD symptoms, and treating addictions during the withdrawal and relapse phase.

CBD is legal in all 50 states, unlike THC, although some enforce certain limitations.

What is THCV?

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is similar to THC in structure, but its effects differ. THCV can act as an appetite suppressant and stimulate bone growth. Some studies have suggested THCV can be used to treat obesity and diabetes. Still, it’s important to note that research on this matter is limited.

THCV is most abundant in sativas and may have energy-boosting properties as well.

What is CBN?

Cannabinol (CBN) is gaining popularity thanks to its sedative and pain-relieving properties. This cannabinoid is formed when THC degrades and doesn’t have psychoactive properties.

Some studies have shown that CBN may be an effective natural antibiotic. Other studies suggest it may act as an anti-inflammatory agent and can be used to treat allergic airway diseases.

Just ask New England Harvest

Understanding cannabinoid ratios makes it easier to choose the right product for you. New England Harvest is committed to answering your questions about cannabinoid ratios and which products will benefit you most. We suggest coming in to see us so we can find the ideal cannabinoid ratio for you based on past experiences, tolerances, and pain thresholds.

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