Demographic factors that impact attitudes toward medical cannabis


Objective:

This study aims to identify pertinent demographic characteristics that influence attitudes toward medical cannabis.


Methods:

Survey respondents were recruited through social media posts, partnering with community organizations, and snowball sampling. Attitudes were measured with a modified version of the medical component of the Recreational and Medical Cannabis Attitudes Scale (MMCAS). Data were analyzed using a one-way ANOVA or one-way Welch ANOVA to determine differences within demographic characteristics. A Tukey-Kramer, or Games-Howell, post-hoc analysis was conducted to determine specific groups within the independent variables that significantly impacted medical cannabis attitudes.


Results:

A total of 645 participants completed the survey. Significant variation in MMCAS was noted between groups based on race, political party affiliation, political view, religion, state legal status, and past/current cannabis use. There were no significant variations noted in MMCAS for apolitical factors.


Conclusion:

Political, religious, and legal demographic factors impact attitudes toward medical cannabis.


Innovation:

The use of health education targeted at the groups of people who continue to harbor antiquated attitudes toward medical cannabis will help to improve patient access and, thus, patient outcomes. Cannabis advocates can innovatively apply health education efforts to groups of people who are aligned with the demographic factors identified in this current work.


Keywords:

Health education; Health policy; Medical cannabis; Politics; Religion; Stigma.

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