Youth Cannabis Vaping Highest in Medical Marijuana States, WSU Study Finds | Local

PULLMAN, WA – The number of high school seniors vaping cannabis is higher in states where it is legal for medical purposes only compared to states where adult cannabis use is prohibited or fully allowed, according to a Washington State University study. 

The study found that about 27% of twelfth graders in medical marijuana states reported vaping cannabis compared to 19% in states that prohibited cannabis or where it is fully legal for adult use.

For the study, WSU sociology Ph.D. student Christian Maynard and his advising professor, WSU sociologist Jennifer Schwartz, analyzed responses from 3,770 high school seniors to the 2020 Monitoring the Future survey, a project which has been surveying U.S. youth since 1975.

The researchers also analyzed a subset of 556 participants who had also answered questions about access to cannabis vaping products and risk perceptions. They found that 62% of the high school seniors in medical marijuana states reported very easy access to cannabis vaping cartridges or “carts,” and only 31% saw regular cannabis use as a great risk.

In states where cannabis is prohibited and states where it is fully legal, fewer high school seniors, 52%, reported easy access to cartridges. More also felt regular cannabis use was risky (40% in prohibited states and 36% in adult use states).

The study could not identify exact reasons for the high rates of teen vaping in medical marijuana states, but Maynard suspected there may be a couple factors at play.

“It’s possible the context of saying cannabis is for medical reasons is contributing to the fact that youth view it as less risky,” said Maynard. “The difference in availability may also be that adult use states are providing legal cannabis to a wider range of people, which may in turn tamp down on the illegal market, and an adolescent can’t go to a dispensary.”

More research needs to be done to get to the reasons behind this difference, Maynard emphasized.

While cannabis and tobacco use among teens has been decreasing overall, vaping has bucked that trend. Among high school seniors, cannabis vaping during the past 30 days made the second the biggest single-year jump in 2019 for any substance in the 45-year history of the Monitoring the Future study. It was only second to nicotine vaping.

Vaping remains popular even after crisis of related lung injuries in 2019 and 2020 that led to more than 2,000 hospitalizations including 68 deaths. Many of the cases were connected to cartridges sold outside of stores that contained Vitamin E, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The article ‘Youth Cannabis Vaping Highest in Medical Marijuana States‘ first appeared on WSU Insider

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